Greenleaves Habitat Homestay Wayanad Kerala

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Normal wild life spotting in Wayanad wild life sanctuary..

Asian Elephants


Wild Gaur

The gaur ( Bos gaurus) is the largest of the wild cattle found in India. It is an impressive animal standing 64 to 72 inches in its stockings. The gaur reaches a length of 11 to 12 feet, which includes about 3 feet of tail. Bull can weigh upto 800 kilos.

The adult gaur bull is shiny black in colour has white stockings, a grey boss between its horns and is rusty coloured on the insides of its thighs and forelegs. A dorsal ridge terminates near the middle of its back. A large dewlap that drops down between the forelegs along with a smaller one below the chin gives the gaur bull a most impressive profile.

Young bulls and cows are dark brown. Cows have smaller dorsal ridges and their dewlaps are not prominent. Young calves are light brown in colour and lack the characteristic white stockings which appear after approximately three months


Chital (spotted deer)


Tiger(panthera tigris)

Sambar Deer

The Sambar ( Cervus unicolour ) is the largest deer found in our forests. It is in fact the largest deer in the whole of South- East Asia. It is a handsome animal standing 48 to 56 inches at the shoulder. It reaches a length of 6 to 7 feet and posses a 12-inch tail. It has a winter coat ranging from grey brown to dark brown and sometimes almost black in colour. The winter coat molts into a summer coat of brown to chestnut brown. Its rump, the underside of its tail and the inner side of its legs are light to rusty brown in colour. The tip of its tail is black and the base and back of its ears are whitish. It has an unkept ruff of hair around its neck. The sambar starts acyiring its winter coat sometime in October and is in full possession of it by December. The molt into its summer coat is completed by May.


Wild Boars

Wild boars live in groups called sounders. Sounders typically contain around 20 animals, but groups of over 50 have been seen. In a typical sounder there are two or three sows and their offspring; adult males are not part of the sounder outside of a breeding cycle, two to three per year, and are usually found alone. Birth, called farrowing, usually occurs in a secluded area away from the sounder; a litter will typically contain 8–12 piglets.

   If surprised or cornered, a boar (and particularly a sow with her piglets) can and will defend itself and its young with intense vigor. The male lowers its head, charges, and then slashes upward with his tusks. The female, whose tusks are not visible, charges with her head up, mouth wide, and bites. Such attacks are not often fatal to humans, but may result in severe trauma, dismemberment, or blood loss

Muntjac (Barking deer)

In the wild, elephant herds follow well-defined seasonal migration routes. These are made around the monsoon seasons, often between the wet and dry zones, and it is the task of the eldest elephant to remember and follow the traditional migration routes. When human farms are founded along these old routes there is often considerable damage done to crops, and it is common for elephants to be killed in the ensuing conflicts. The adult Asian Elephant has no natural predators, but young elephants may fall prey to tigers.

Elephants life spans have been exaggerated in the past and live on average for 60 years in the wild and 80 in captivity. They eat 10% of their body weight each day, which for adults is between 170-200 kilograms of food per day. They need 80–200 litres of water a day, and use more for bathing. They sometimes scrape the soil for minerals.

Elephants use infrasound to communicate; this was first noted by the Indian naturalist M. Krishnan and later studied by Katherine Payne.



The chital is a medium sized deer standing 35 to 38 inches at the shoulder. It has a rufous brown coat with white spots from which it gets its common name. There is a dark stripe that runs down the back from the nape to the tip of the tail. The abdomen, rump, throat, and the insides of the tail, legs and ears are white. A black band circles the muzzle.

The chital is widely distributed in the moist and dry deciduous forests of India. There are four factors that govern its distribution. They are its need for water, shade, its tendency to avoid rugged terrain and its preference for grass as forage. Chital need to drink at least once daily and hence its absence from semi- desert habitat. Its absence from evergreen forests can be explained due to the lack of grass under the canopy of primary forests. Chital infact prefer secondary forests or open forests broken by glades with a good understory of grasses and tender shoots. They tend to avoid the interior of extensive tall forests.


The tiger (Panthera tigris) is a member of the Felidae family; the largest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera Native to much of eastern and southern Asia, the tiger is an apex predator and an obligate carnivore. Reaching up to 4 metres (13 ft) in total length and weighing up to 300 kilograms (660 pounds), the larger tiger subspecies are comparable in size to the biggest extinct felids.Aside from their great bulk and power, their most recognizable feature is the pattern of dark vertical stripes that overlays near-white to reddish-orange fur, with lighter underparts

leopard( Panthera pardus) is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera; the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar

.Due to the loss of range and declines in population, it is graded as a "Near Threatened" species. Its numbers are greater than other Panthera species, all of which face more acute conservation concerns



The Common Muntjac, also called Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) is the most numerous muntjac deer species. It has soft, short, brownish or greyish hair, sometimes with creamy markings. This species is omnivorous, feeding on fruits, shoots, seeds, birds' eggs as well as small animals and even carrion. It gives calls similar to barking, usually on sensing a predator (hence the common name for all muntjacs of barking deer).


Malabar Giant squirrel

The Indian giant squirrel, Ratufa indica, is a large-bodied diurnal, arboreal, and herbivorous squirrel found in South Asia. Also called the Malabar giant squirrel, the species is endemic to deciduous, mixed deciduous, and moist evergreen forests of peninsular India

 The Indian giant squirrel is an upper-canopy dwelling species, which rarely leaves the trees, and requires "tall profusely branched trees for the construction of nests. It travels from tree to tree with jumps of up to 6 m (19.69 ft). When in danger, the Ratufa indica often freezes or flattens itself against the tree trunk, instead of fleeing.Its main predators are the birds of prey and the leopard.


Nilgiri Langur

Nilgiri Langur (Presbytis johni) is a glossy black monkey with a yellowish brown head. It has a long tail and is similar in size to the common Langur. It is commonly found in the Nilgiri hills of the Western Ghats and also in Kodagu District in Karnataka, Palani hills in Tamil Nadu and Anamalai, Brahmagiri and Cardamom hills in Kerala. The group size ranges from 3 to 25 individuals. The Nilgiri Langur is exclusively vegetarian, and its diet is composed mainly of mature leaves, but it also eats young leaves and fruit. At present there is a decline in the number of these animals, because of the destruction of Shola forests and due to a number of other human activities.

Hanuman Langur

The Hanuman Langur (Semnopitheaus entellus) is adapted to eating tough food which others find indigestible. They can even eat seeds with high levels of the toxins like strychnine (Strychnos nox-vomica) and distasteful vegetation avoided by other creatures. They feed mainly on leaves and other vegetation but also search the ground for fallen fruit and nuts. They also snack on insects, fungi and tree gum. They may even eat soil or stones, probably for minerals to help detoxify their food. They are thus found in a wide range of habitats from the plains to forests.

With long strong limbs, the Hanuman Langur runs fast on the ground on all fours, and climbs well and is agile among trees, its long thin tail providing balance. Their horizontal leaps average 3-5m but can reach up to 13m with some loss of height.

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